Loading...

Folk Costumes in the Region of Trnava

Folk Costumes in the Region of Trnava
The exhibition features mainly traditional folk costumes worn by peasants in the region of Trnava. It includes marriage attires of the bride and the groom, a Sunday costume, light summer work garments as well as winter clothing made from broadcloth and fur. The traditional Sunday costume worn in Trnava was amongst the most classic and fancy festive garments found in Slovakia. The use of expensive materials and a number of decorative techniques are related to the economic independence of the peasantry in the fertile lowlands. Given the importance of Trnava as a major trading, religious, and cultural centre, the traditional folk costumes also reveal the influence of the popular upper class fashion of the particular period. Inspiration by Baroque fashion can be noted in the adornment of a Sunday dress, as well as in the way the dress shapes the female silhouette, particularly with the use of large and ruffled sleeves, wide skirts and a lace collar. The male Sunday attire adopted certain elements of military uniforms – short tunics made of broadcloth and tight close-fitting trousers trimmed with threads. The best Sunday garments were often made of expensive materials such as brocade, satin, cashmere wool, and silk.
Perhaps the most characteristic technique was raised embroidery underlain with cardboard, using a gold or silver thread. The embroidery techniques are partially demonstrated on the paper patterns for the satin stitch as well as for raised embroidery. The décor of the so called “fancy room” with a made bed with decorative cushions manifests living arrangements at the time.